The United Nations Protocol attempts to prohibit jewelry buyers from buying blood diamonds. Read on to learn fresh about the certification process
Jewelry Buyers and the Kimberly Process
The Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), often recognized as the Kimberly Process or Kimberly Protocol, was established to certify specific diamonds sold internationally were not acquired as the result of West African conflict, particularly in Sierra LeoneIntroduced in 2003 by the UN General Assembly Resolution 55/56, the Kimberly Process was adopted as a result of the Fowler Report. The message marked that many blood diamonds were entering — either knowingly or otherwise — many Western countries, sold by jewelry buyers, and indirectly financing some of the worst and most bloody complainer movements in West Africa. As a result of this financing, many were forced into slavery to mine diamonds Those accused of purloining any of the precious regalia were topic to vicious limb severing by malcontent commandersSince the adoption of the Kimberly Process, many jewelry buyers are now aware of the fountain of the diamonds they purchase from third and fourth team retailers As a result, the Kimberly certification structure has made strides in preventing conflict diamonds, or “blood diamonds”, from ending up on the international rasping diamond sell Currently, there are 49 participants of the contract that represents 75 countries.Since its establishment in 2003, the effectiveness of the Kimberly scheme has been called into issue by some human rights organizations and overseer groups that hold claimed that the agreement acts as a “honor system” and there is no assurance that diamonds today are not directly supporting dictatorships and grumbler groups Nevertheless, many jewelry buyers in Europe and the United States own actively sought certification systems that alley the origins of their purchases Still, further critique came from groups after the World Trade Organization successfully approved a waiver for the covenant impartial one year after it was passed.This subject was covered in the 2006 movie Blood Diamond, which starred Leo DiCaprio, Jennifer Connelly, and Djimon Hounsou In the film, DiCaprio’s cipher plays a void mercenary who is aim to quit the African continent for sake He hears of a moderately goodly blood diamond as a rumor, and begins a objective for the valuable jewel in decree to secure his freedom. Hounsou’s digit has potential the diamond in interrogation and is the only man who knows of its location As a result, DiCaprio frees Hounsou’s numeral from prison and holds him as his personal hostage as they trip to find the dormant diamond Connelly plays a journalist who discovers this dubious partnership, going along for the happening as she wishes to uncover the larger issues of the international blood diamond marketSince the establishment of the protocol, many African countries retain yet to interlock membership While the Kimberly process did carry a immense numeral of exposure to this international blood diamond market, many sustain to find blood diamonds entering Western markets by proxy. Fortunately, many jewelers in the Europe, Asia and North America prolong to refine tracking standards of the diamonds that are purchased and sold on the rampant market.